CH101 - The First Century

The Primitive Church - 30 - 100 A.D.

Greeks - Seleucids - Romans
Hellenization & Maccabean Revolt
Introduction - Primitive Christianity
The Initial "Jesus" Movement
Christianity in Conflict
Outreach to the Gentiles
Conversion of the Apostle Paul
Jerusalem Council
James, brother of Jesus
The beginning of persecution
The destruction of the Temple
Post-Apostolic writings
New Testament Canon, Part 1
New Testament Canon, Part 2

Summary and Applications
Jesus was a first century Jewish man preaching his message to first century Jews. The first 15 years of this new "Jesus movement" was basically a Jewish sect called "The Way." Racial tensions had existed within Judaism and found their way into this new movement. These tensions increased when Saul of Tarsus comes on the scene and aggressively takes the gospel to the Gentile world. From the record in the NT, even the apostles had conflict.

Application 1
Leaders in the church cannot live under a false expectation of unity all the time. We are called to live in unity, yet we cannot force this on others. As individuals we must be committed to doing our part. Leaders must embrace the humility of admitting when they have been wrong, and quickly forgive others.

In 66 AD Zealot Jews attempt to throw off Roman rule. The Romans descend on Judea, laid siege to, and overthrows Jerusalem in 70 AD, burning the Temple to the ground. Christianity had been just another Jewish sect, but now begins to break away from Judaism to become a Gentile dominated church. In this period of transition, partly due to doctrinal differences, the Gentile church takes on an anti-Semitic tone.

Application 2
God calls us to reach the lost and to guard the church against false doctrine and moral laxity. Leaders in the church must be faithful to the gospel, but must be careful not to win the battle and lose the war. No person, no denomination has perfect doctrine or a perfect understanding of the biblical text. Somehow we must hold to the essentials, yet allow love and grace to reach out through us. The non-essentials should not hinder the unity Jesus prays for in John 17.

Coming in Chapter 2
The Persecuted Church, 90 - 202 A.D.

The Roman Persecutions
Overview of The Apostolic Fathers documents
Initial Heresies
- Docetism
- Marcion
- Gnosticism
The New Testament Canon
The Apologists
- Justin Martyr
- Irenaeus

top of page


- was athanasius black
- tertullian/paul/marcion
- worship on sunday
- origen and universalism
- water baptism
- wine in ancient world
- fathers on NT Revelation
- fathers on holiness
- fathers on the military
- apostolic succession
- palestine or israel?
- candles in church
- pagan influences
- constantine-Sun worship
- constantine vs donatists

Book Reviews
- church traditions
- book reviews
- Buzzard - the Trinity
- David Bercot books

Biblical Issues
- what is false doctrine?
- pacifism and the NT
- who wrote NT Hebrews
- the trinity
- the apocrypha
- saul the persecutor
- NT, faith, resurrection
- NT and tithing
- Is the NT inspired?
- wine in the bible

Culture and Opinion
- christian tolerance
- faith and certainty
- end of the spear

- CH101 All rights reserved.
Home  |  1st Century  |  2nd Century
3rd Century  |  4th Century
Resources  |  Podcasts  |  Site Map

First Century Christian Church History
ist Century Church History
The conversion of the apostle Paul
Early Church History of Galatians
James Just brother of Jesus in the Bible
1st Century Christian Church Struggles
Christian History - conversion Apostle Paul
Palestine - Philo, Josephus, Strabo, Aristotle
Apollos NT Hebrews in Ancient Rome
Apollos NT Hebrews in the Bible
Wine in Bible Alcoholic?
James the Just and Jesus in the Bible

Hellenized Jews First Century Christianity

Hellenized Jews Gentile Christians
Hellenized Jews New Testament
Jews and the conversion of the apostle Paul
Conflict in the Early Christian Church
Palestine vs Israel Zola Levitt Dr. McCall
Palestine in the Bible and the Ancient World
Apollos NT Hebrews in the Bible
Apollos NT Hebrews - Ancient Roman World
Palestine Israel in Ancient Greece Rome
Alcoholic Wine - New Testament
James the Just Paul and Jesus in the NT
First Century Christian Church History Issues
How the New Testament was formed
How the NT Canon was formed or canonized
Questions about Wine in the Ancient World
Wine Alcohol in the Bible - New Testament
Early Church Catechesis - Catechetical Training
Questions regarding Christian Issues
Palestine - Israel Map Ancient World
Apollos Alexandria Hebrews in the Bible
Apollos Paul Corinthians - Bible
James the Just the brother of Jesus

First Century Christian Persecution

1st Century Persecution of Christians
Gnosticism in the 1st Century Early Church
Early Church History of Galations
Early Christianity War and Conflict
Early Christianity Constantine and War
Important Issues in Early Christianity
Palestine Israel in Greek Roman World
Apollos Alexandria Hebrews - Bible
Apollos Paul Corinthians NT